Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya conferred Bharat Ratna award

Madan Mohan Malviya


Madan Mohan Malaviya  (1861–1946) was posthumously awarded Bharat Ratna on December 24, India’s highest civilian award along with former Prime Minister of India, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Malaviya was an Indian educationist and politician notable for his role in the Indian independence movement and his espousal of Hindu nationalism. He was respectfully addressed as Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya and also addressed as ‘Mahamana’. He popularised the slogan ‘Satyamev Jayate’ – Truth alone will triumph.  He started the tradition of Aarti at Har ki Pauri Haridwar to the sacred Ganga river which is performed till date, the Malviya Dwipa, a small island across the ghat, named after him. 

Malaviya played an important part in the removal of untouchability and in giving direction to the Harijan movement. The Harijan Sevak Sangh was founded at a meeting in 1933 at which Pandit Malviya presided. 

Malaviya asserted – if you admit internal purity of human soul, you or your religion can never get impure or defiled in any way by touch or association with any man.  To solve the problem of untouchability, Malaviya followed a Hindu method, by giving Mantradīkshā to untouchables. He said that – Mantras would be a certain means of their upliftment socially, politically and spiritually.

Malaviya is most remembered as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi in 1916, the largest residential university in Asia and one of the largest in the world,  having over 12,000 students across arts, sciences, engineering and technology. Malaviya was Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University from 1919–1938.  

Malaviya was the President of the Indian National Congress on four occasions (1909 & 1913,1919 and1932) he left congress in 1934 and also was one of the initial leaders of the Hindu Mahasabha.

Malviya was one of the founders of Scouting in India. He also founded a highly influential, English-newspaper, The Leader published from Allahabad in 1909. He was also the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. His efforts resulted in the launch of its Hindi edition in 1936.

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